√ 14 Pengobatan pada RHINITIS ALERGI

tipe dan pengobatan pada rhinitis alergi – mungkin banyak orang yang jarang mendengar seputar penyakit rhinitis alergi, kemudian gejala penyakit rhinitis alergi paru serta penyebab rhinitis alergi yang belakangan ini jumlah penderita rhinitis alergi meningkat. Penyakit rhinitis alergi ini memang termasuk jenis penyakit yang menyerang pada sistem saluran pernafasansehingga termasuk ke dalam salah satu penyakit PPOK yang sudah admin bahas pada kesempatan sebelumnnya. Meningkatnya jumlah penderita rhinitis alergi baru-baru ini sebaiknya kita sebagai masyarakat yang ingin hidup sehat harus mau aktif untuk mencari tahu informasi seputar apa itu penyakit rhinitis alergi.
rhinitis alergi
rhinitis alergi

Penyakit rhinitis alergi adalah radang atau pembengkakan pada membran mukosa hidung yang disebabkan oleh alergen yang terhirup dan terjadi respon imunologik spesifik. Terdapat 2 tipe dari rhinitis alergi yang memiliki perbedaan masing-masing. Selain itu ada beberapa terapi pengobatan pada penderita rhinitis alergi yang dapat anda simak di bawah ini

Tipe Rhinitis Alergi
A. Tipe musiman (Hay fever)
Alergi yang terjadi musiman misalnya kambuh pada saat musim hujan dan biasanya akut. Contoh : allergennya serbuk sari dari bunga.
B. Tipe berselang atau menetap (Perennial)
Alergi ini terjadi sepanjang tahu sebagai respon terhadap alergen non musiman dan biasanya kronis. Contohnya : allergennya jamur, kutu.
Pengobatan pada penderita rhinitis alergi, antara lain :
1. Obat sistem pernafasan
Obat ini memblokir reseptor histamin sehingga mencegah bronkokonstriksi. Banyak obat sistem pernafasan yang memiliki daya antikolinergik dan sedatif, seperti Ketotifen, Oksatomida, Tiazinamium dan Deptropin.
2. Dekogestan seperti Pseudoefedrin
3. Kortikosteroid nasal seperti Beklometason, Budesonid dan Flutikason
4. Natrium Kromolin
5. Antagonis reseptor muskarinik seperti Ipratoprium bromida
6. Antagonis reseptor leukotrien sisteinil seperti Montelukast.
Contoh Obat Rhinitis Alergi di Apotek
Informasi Obat dengan Resep Dokter nama Generik dan Nama Patennya
1. Teofilin                                : Brondilex, Bronsolvan
2. Teofilin + GG                      : Quibron
3. Teofilin + Efedrin HCl         : Asmasolon, Asmadex, Asthma Soho
4. Aminofilin                            : Aminophyllinum, Pnyllocontin
5. Efedrin HCl                         : Ephedrin HCl
6. Salbutamol Sulfat               : Salbuven, Salbron, Fartolin, Ventolin
7. Salbutamol + GG                : Fartolin Expectorant
8. Terbutalin                            : Bricasma
9. Ketotifen                              : Nortifen, Scanditen
10. Anhydrous Teofilin            : Etaphyllin
11. Orciprenalin sulfat             : Alupent
12. Ipratropium                        : Atrovent
13. Flutikason                          : Seretide
14. Budenoside                       : Pulmicort

Demikian penjelasan tentang penyakit rhinitis alergi serta contoh obat rhinitis alergi di apotek. Semoga bermanfaat dan menambah wawasan anda mengenai penyakit pada saluran pernafasan. Jangan lupa nantikan artikel menarik selanjutnya…

77 Replies to “√ 14 Pengobatan pada RHINITIS ALERGI”

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