√ 5 Jenis VIRUS HERPES yang Harus Kamu Ketahui

Jenis virus herpes – orang yang terkena penyakit herpes sering salah mengira dengan penyakit akibat gigitan tomcat. Gejala penyakit herpes yang hampir mirip gejalanya dengan penyakit akibat gigitan tomcat inilah yang sering membuat orang salah mengira. Sekilas memang kulit merah akibat gigitan tomcat dengan akibat herpes memang sangat mirip tetapi jika diamati kedua penyakit kulit tersebut berbeda penyebabnya. Penyakit herpes disebabkan oleh herpes simplex virussedangkan satunya penyebabnya adalah karena gigitan hewan tomcat. Virus penyebab herpesini juga memiliki kemiripan dengan virus HIV sehingga gejala yang ditimbulkan memiliki banyak kesamaan. Virus herpes memiliki beberapa macam jenis virus yang dibagi lagi menjadi beberapa tipe virus.
Jenis virus herpes
Jenis virus herpes

Virus herpes dapat menyebabkan terjadinya infeksi mirip virus HIV yang sukar sekali disembuhkan secara tuntas.  Sesudah terjadi infeksi pertama, virus herpes simplex berdiam diri seumur hidup dalam simpul saraf samping sumsum tulang. Ada 5 macam jenis virus Herpes yang memiliki karakteristik masing-masing, nah pada kesempatan kali ini admin inFarmasi.com akan mengulas mengenai kelima jenis virus herpes tersebut satu persatu di ulasan bawah ini.

Jenis Virus Herpes                  
1. Herpes Simplex virus, mempunyai 2 tipe : HSV I pada muka, mata dan mulut ; dan HSV II pada daerah kelamin.
Gejala infeksi primer adalah banyak luka kecil, bengkak dan terjadi demam.
Pemberian analgetik, obat kumur dan istirahat dapat menyembuhkan gejala yang timbul.
2. Herpes Labialis adalah infeksi sekunder yang bercirikan gelembung-gelembung kecil dibibir atau dibawah hidung. Terasa sangat gatal dan infeksius karena gelembung ini berisi virus. Dengan pemberian Asiklovir pasien akan cepat smebuh.
3. Herpes Keratitis adalah infeksi mata yang bercirikan gelembung-gelembung pada cornea mata. Bila tidak diobati dapat menyebabkan kebutaan.
Terapi efektif dengan tetes mata Trifluridin, IDU, Vidarabin, dan salep Asiklovir.
4. Herpes Genitalis disebabkan oleh HSV II yang ditularkan melalui kontak seksual. Merupakan penyakit kelamin nomor dua setelah gonore yang menyerang manusia. Gejalanya berupa gelembung berair atau borok yang membengkak sangat nyeri di daerah pantat, paha dan alat kelamin, yang diiringi rasa sakit bila kencing dan juga terjadi demam.
Pengobatannya dengan infus I.V Asiklovir dan salep Betadin-iodium.
5. Herpes Zoster, yang disebabkan oleh Varicella zoster, yaitu virus penyebab cacar air pada masa kanak-kanan. Gejalanya berupa kelompok gelembung didaerah sejajar dengan tulang iga disertai nyeri setempat yang hebat dan lama. Terapi yang diberikan yaitu oral Asiklovir, Valasiklovir dan Famsiklovir.
Nah demikian tadi penjelasan mengenai berbagai macam jenis virus herpes yang harus kamu ketahui. Semoga sedikit ulasan tentang virus herpes simplex pada kesempatan kali ini dapat bermanfaat dan menambah wawasan anda di bidang ilmu kefarmasian.

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